Chapter 10  The Future Tense

The simple future tense is translated in English by the will or shall form of the verb.  The English tense known as future active (such as will be going) is translated in Italian as the simple future tense.  There is only one set of endings for all the groups.

Pronunciation note:  All verbs in the future tense follow pronunciation rules A and B.

Group 1 verbs end in -are.  The infinitive is modified by replacing the “a” of the group ending with the final “e” of the group ending, and the endings (-ò, -ai, -à, -ẹmo, -ẹte, -anno) are added to the modified infinitive. 

The following examples demonstrate the forms.
I shall, will fly                         Io                     volare                          volerò              (voh-lay-rAW)
you shall, will speak                Tu                    parlare                        parlerai           (pahr-lay-rAH-ee)
He, she, it shall, will swim      Lei, Lui           nuotare                        nuoterà            (nuoh-tay-rAH)
We shall, will carry                 Noi                  portare                        porterẹmo        (pohr-tay-rAY-moh)
You shall, will order               Voi                  ordenare                      ordenerẹte       (ohr-day-nay-rAY-tay)
They shall, will buy                 Loro                comprare                     compreranno   (cohm-pray-rAHn-noh)

In group 1, some verbs have irregular stems in the future tense.
andare, to go:  andrò, andrai, andrà, andrẹmo, andrẹte, andranno
                Like andare:         riandare, to go back
dare, to give:  darò, darai, darà, darẹmo, darẹte, daranno
                Like dare:              ridare, to give back
fare, to do, make:  farò, farai, farà, farẹmo, farẹte, faranno
                Like fare:
                assuefare, to accustom, inure           contraffare, to counterfeit                 disassuefare, to give up a habit
                disfare, to undo                                   liquefare, to liquify                             putrefare, to putrify
                rarefare, to rarefy                               rifare, to do over, repeat                    sfare, to undo, to thaw, melt
                soddisfare, to satisfy                          soprafare, to overwhelm                    strafare, to do too much, overdo
                stupefare, to stupefy                           torrefare, to roast                             tumefare, to swell
stare, to be:  starò, starai, starà, starẹmo, starẹte, staranno
ristare, to stop, desist:  ristò, ristai, ristà, ristarẹmo, ristarẹte, ristaranno

On occasion, it will be necessary to add an "h" to preserve the original sound of a verb, such as pagare  >  pagherò.  Verbs which end with "ciare" or "giare" drop the "i", for example lasciare  >  lascerò.

Groups 2 and 3 are formed in the same way.  The final “e” of the infinitive is dropped, and the endings (-ò, -ai, -à, -ẹmo, -ẹte, -anno) are added.  The following examples demonstrate the forms.
I shall, will win                       Io                     vịncere                        vincerò            (veen-chay-rAW)
you shall, will sell                    Tu                    vẹndere                        venderai          (vayn-day-rAH-ee)
He, she, it shall, will read        Lei, Lui           lęggere                           leggerà            (layj jay-rAH)
We shall, will enjoy                 Noi                  godere                         goderẹmo        (goh-day-rAY-moh)
You shall, will exist                Voi                  esịstere                        esisterẹte          (ay-zees-tay-rAY-tay)
They shall, will deduce           Loro                dedurre                        dedurranno     (day-doo-rrAHn-noh)

In group 2, some verbs are irregular in the future tense.
avere, to have:  avrò, avrai, avrà, avrẹmo, avrẹte, avranno
bevere, to drink:  berrò, berrai, berrà, berrẹmo, berrẹte, berranno
                                Like bevere:                                                                          imbevere, to imbibe
cadere, to fall:  cadrò, cadrai, cadrà, cadrẹmo, cadrẹte, cadranno
                                [The stem is changed to cadr-.]        Like cadere:
                                accadere, to befall                              decadere, to decay                              ricadere, to relapse, fall again
                                scadere, to decline, deteriorate
cuǫcere, to cook:  cocerò, cocerai, cocerà, cocerẹmo, cocerẹte, coceranno
                                [The stem is changed by dropping the letter u.]             Like cuǫcere:
                                commuǫvere, to move emotionally  muǫvere, to move                                   nuǫcere, to harm
                                percuǫtere, to strike                            promuǫvere, to promote                    ricuǫcere, to recook
                                rimuǫvere, to remove                         riscuǫtere, to draw a salary               scuǫcere, to overcook
                                scuǫtere, to shake                               smuǫvere, to budge                      sommuǫvere, to incite, stir up
                                stracuǫcere, to overdo
dolere, to ache:  dorrò, dorrai, dorrà, dorrẹmo, dorrẹte, dorranno
dovere, to be obliged:  dovrò, dovrai, dovrà, dovrẹmo, dovrẹte, dovranno
ęssere, to be:  sarò, sarai, sarà, sarẹmo, sarẹte, saranno
parere, to seem:  parrò, parrai, parrà, parrẹmo, parrẹte, parranno
potere, to be able:  potrò, potrai, potrà, potrẹmo, potrẹte, potranno
rimanere, to stay:  rimarrò, rimarrai, rimarrà, rimarrẹmo, rimarrẹte, rimarranno
sapere, to know:  saprò, saprai, saprà, saprẹmo, saprẹte, sapranno
tenere, to hold:  terrò, terrai, terrà, terrẹmo, terrẹte, terranno
                Like tenere:
                appartenere, to belong to                  contenere, to contain                          detenere, to detain
                mantenere, to maintain                      ottenere, to obtain                               ritenere, to retain
                sostenere, to sustain                            trattenere, to restrain
valere, to be worth:  varrò, varrai, varrà, varrẹmo, varrẹte, varranno
                Like valere:                                           equivalere, to be equivalent to
                invalere, to catch on , become fashionable                                                   prevalere, to be prevalent, to prevail
vedere, to see:  vedrò, vedrai, vedrà, vedrẹmo, vedrẹte, vedranno
                Like vedere:
                antivedere, to foresee                   intravedere, to glimpse                       prevedere, to see ahead
                provedere, to provide, look after      rivedere, to see again                          stravedere, to see things, hallucinate
                travedere, to be misled
volere, to be willing:  vorrò, vorrai, vorrà, vorrẹmo, vorrẹte, vorranno
                Like volere:                                           benvolere, to like someone
disvolere, to stop liking someone     malvolere, to dislike someone           rivolere, to want something back

In group 3, some verbs are irregular in the future tense.
morire, to die:  morrò, morrai, morrà, morrẹmo, morrẹte, morranno
                Like morire:                                          prẹmorire, to die before, predecease
venire, to come:  verrò, verrai, verrà, verrẹmo, verrẹte, verranno
                Like venire:
                addivenire, to come to                       avvenire, to happen                            circonvenire, to circumvent
                contravenire, to contravene              convenire, to convene                        divenire, to become
                intervenire, to intervene                     pervenire, to reach                              prevenire, to prevent
                riconvenire, to reconvene                  ridivenire, to become again              rinvenire, to rediscover, recover
                risoveniresi, to recollect                     rivenire, to come back                       sconvenire, to be unbecoming
                sovvenire, to help                               svenire, to faint