Chapter 6 - Expressing Possession

Fortunately, the method by which possession is expressed is relatively simple.  The forms are as follows.
                        English                        Italian  feminine                                  masculine
                                                                        singular            plural               singular            plural
                        my, mine                                 la mia              le mie               il mio               i miei
                        your, yours                              la tua               le tue                il tuo                i tuoi
                        her, hers, his                            la sua               le sue               il suo                i suoi
                        our, ours                                  la nostra          le nostre           il nostro           i nostri
                        your, yours                              la vostra          le vostr e          il vostro           i vostri
                        their, theirs                              la loro              le loro              il loro               i loro

When used with members of a family, the singular forms omit the article.
            for example:    mio padre = my father                        mia sorella = my sister
                                    mio fratello = my brother                    mia famiglia = my family
In the plural, or if a description is present, the full forms are used.
            for example:    i miei fratelli                my brothers
                                    i mio padre alto           my tall father
                                    la mia cara madre       my dear mother
Contractions with prepositions occur as usual.
            for example:    nella mia cạmera        in my room
                                    dal mio paese              from my country
When referring to parts of the body, and clothing, possessive forms are generally replaced by an article.
            for example:    Io domenticai il cappello.        I forgot my hat.
                                    Clemente rompè la gamba.     Clement broke his leg.

The preposition di is used to indicate ownership.
            for example:    il libro di Giuseppe      Joseph’s book

When used before words beginning with the vowel i, the preposition di is always contracted to d’, and generally before other vowels, although the use is optional in those instances.
            for example:    la capitale d’Italia       the capital of Italy
                                    la capitale d’Egitto, the capital of Egypt  or  la capitale di Egitto, the capital of Egypt

The expression di chi means whose.
            for example:    Di chi sọno questi libri?          Whose books are these?
                                    Sọno i miei.                             They are mine.