Appendix G

The cardinal numbers

zero      zero

uno       one                   ùndici               eleven               ventuno             twentyone

due       two                   dódici               twelve               ventidue            twentytwo

tré         three                 trédici               thirteen             ventitré              twentythree

quattro four                    quattórdici        fourteen            ventiquattro      twentyfour

cìnque   five                   quìndici              fifteen               venticìnque       twentyfive

sei         six                     sédici                sixteen              ventisei             twentysix

sette      seven                diciassette         seventeen          ventisette          twentyseven

otto       eight                  diciotto             eighteen            ventotto            twentyeight

nove     nine                    diciannove        nineteen            ventinove          twentynine

dieci      ten                    venti                   twenty

 

The pattern shown with the number venti (20) continues for the other decades.

30   trenta                      40   quaranta                  50   cinquanta                60   sesanta        70   settanta

31   trentuno                  41   quarantuno               51   cinquantuno            61   sesantuno    71   settantuno

38   trentotto                  48   quarantotto              58   cinquantotto            68   sesantotto    78   settantotto

80   ottanta                     90   novanta                   100   cento                     200   duecento

81   ottantuno                91   novantuno                 101   centouno               300   trecento

88   ottantotto                98   novantotto                 108   centotto                400   quattrocento

500   cinquecento          600   seicento                   700   settecento              800   ottocento

900   novecento             1000 mille                         2000   duemila               100.000   centomila

1.000.000 un milióne      1.000.000.000 un miliardo                                     1.000.000.000.000 un trilóne

 

The ordinal numbers

All of the ordinal numbers are adjectives, and must agree in number and gender with the noun they modify.   Only masculine, singular forms are given here.   The ordinal numbers above fifteen are generally replaced by cardinal numbers.   Instead of saying “the seventyseventh page”, the Italians say “page seventyseven”.

First                  primo                            for all of the numbers above 20, the final letter of the cardinal number is

Second              secondo                        replaced by the ending “èsimo”

Third                 terzo                             thirtieth                         trentèsimo

Fourth               quarto                           fourtieth                        quarantèsimo

Fifth                  quinto                           fiftieth                            cinquantèsimo

Sixth                 sesto                             sixtieth                           sessantèsimo

Seventh            settimo                          seventieth                       settantèsimo

Eighth               ottavo                           eightieth                          ottantèsimo

Ninth                nono                             ninetieth                          novantèsimo

Tenth                dècimo                         one hundredth                 centèsimo

Eleventh           undicèsimo                     two hundredth                duecentèsimo

Twelfth            dodicèsimo                     three hundredth               trecentèsimo

Thirteenth         tredièsimo                      four hundredth                quattrocentèsimo

Fourteenth        quattordicèsimo             five hundredth                  cinquecentèsimo

Fifteenth           quindicèsimo                  six hundredth                    seicentèsimo

Sixteenth           sedicèsimo                    seven hundredth                settecentèsimo

Seventeenth      diciassettèsimo              eight hundredth                  ottocentèsimo

Eighteenth         diciottèsimo                  nine hundredth                     novecentèsimo

Nineteenth        diciannovèsimo              one thousandth                   millèsimo

Twentieth          ventèsimo                     one millionth                       milionèsimo

The Italian number system is the same as the English system, except that a comma is used where a period is used, and vice-versa (for example, English = 1, 234.56; Italian = 1.234,56), and the division sign is a colon.

Some other number forms :

1/2 mezzo      1/3 un terzo      2/3 due terzi     1/4 un quarto      3/4 tre quarti      1/5 un quinto      1/6 un sesto

1/7 un settimo 1/8 un ottavo     1/9 un nono      1/10 un dècimo      1/20 un ventèsimo      1/1000 un milèsimo

double = dòppio      triple = triplo      quadruple = quadruplo      quintuple = quintuplo

ten times bigger = dieci volte maggiore      twenty times bigger = venti volte maggiore      one hundred times bigger = centuplo

Some common symbols :

+      più      plus;      -      meno      minus;      x      per      times;       :      diviso      divided by

2 + 3 = 5 due più trè fa cinque; 14 - 6 = 8 quattórdici meno sei fa otto

 

Chapter 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24-1 24-2 24-3 24-4 24-5

Appendix A B C D E F H I

Index

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